Describing what User Interface Design is simply a matter of saying that it’s programming how things look. However, when you scratch beneath the surface you realize that UI is quite an intricate field that involves anticipating use preferences and then creating an interface that understands and fulfills those preferences. Therefore, UI not only focuses on the aesthetics but also maximizes responsiveness, efficiency, and accessibility of a website.
An interface is a point where a user interacts with the software they’re using. A good User Interface Design presents a seamless blend of visual design, interaction design, and information architecture.
Visual design improves a site’s ornamental value by strategically implementing such elements as fonts, colors, and images among other things. When professionally done, visual design makes a page elegant without compromising on its function or content.
The interactive design looks at how users interact with technology. It then uses the understanding of such interactions to create an interface with behaviors that are well thought-out. Excellent interactive design not only anticipates how a person interacts with a system but also antedates and fixes problems in good time. It may also invent new ways through which a system interacts and responds to users.
Information architecture is designed to help users find the info they need to complete various tasks. It, therefore, involves labeling, structuring, and organizing web content in a manner that makes it easily accessible and sustainable.
Choosing Elements Of User Interface Design
Users expect an interface to work and behave in a particular way. When designing a UI, it, therefore, is recommended that the interface is designed to be predictable, concise and consistent. This improves its efficiency in completing tasks and ultimately reinforces user satisfaction. Multiple elements constitute a functional UI. These may include:
- Input controls such as buttons, toggles, and checkboxes among many others.
- Navigation components e.g. breadcrumb, sliders, search fields, icons etc.
- Information components for example tooltips, notifications, message boxes and progress bars among others.
- Containers including accordion.
When choosing what element to include in a User Interface Design, it’s always wise to consider your tradeoffs. An element may, for instance, save you some space but end up unnecessarily burdening the user and break the user experience.
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UI Design Best Practices
Designing the perfect user interface comes from knowing the users as well as understanding their tendencies, preferences, skills, and goals.
Remember the following practices of good User Interface Design.
- Simple Interfaces are best- use a clear language and avoid inessential elements.
- Maintain Consistency by using common UI elements. Use elements that users are familiar with. This ensures things get done fast. It also guarantees user comfort and gratification.
- Use smart, purposeful page layouts. Try to draw attention to the most important aspects of the
- Use color and texture judiciously to draw attention to or away from different items as
- Use the typeface to increase readability and legibility of the content
- Use defaults to reduce the burden of the user where appropriate.